Sources Of Copper

Seafood – oysters, crabs, bluefish, perch, lobster
Meats – veal, duck, lamb, pork, beef liver and kidneys
Nuts/seeds – almonds, pecans, walnuts, filberts, brazil nuts, sesame, sunflower, pistachio
Vegetables – soybeans
Grains – wheat germ and bran
Miscellaneous – yeast, gelatin, bone meal, corn oil, margarine, mushrooms, chocolate
Other sources – copper water pipes, copper sulfate added to drinking water, copper compounds used in swimming pools, mineral supplements (especially prenatal vitamins), copper cookware and tea kettles, birth control pills, copper intrauterine devices, vegetarian diets, stress, exhaustion of the adrenal glands

Many children are born today with excessive copper levels passed to them from their mothers in utero.

Roles In The Body

  • Energy production
  • Female reproductive system
  • Blood formation


Functions Of Copper

Circulatory – structure of blood vessels, aorta and heart muscle
Blood – formation of hemoglobin
Nervous – maintenance of the myelin sheath on nerves
Reproductive – essential for fertility, menstrual cycle
Endocrine – synthesis of stimulatory neurotransmitters
Muscular/skeletal – bone and connective tissue structure
Immune system – necessary for the immune system
Integumentary – needed for skin, hair, nails and pigments
Energy – energy production (the electron transport system)

Symptoms Associated With A Copper Deficiency

anemia hair loss
atherosclerosis impaired collagen formation
demyelination of nerves loss of hair color
diarrhea low hormone production
edema osteoporosis

Symptoms Associated With A Copper Excesss

acne fatigue mind racing
adrenal insufficiency fears mood swings
allergies fractures, bone multiple sclerosis
alopecia headaches (migraine) myocardial infarction
anemia hemorrhages nausea
anorexia heart disease pancreatic dysfunction
anxiety hyperactivity premenstrual tension
arthritis hypertension schizophrenia
autism hyperthyroidism sexual inadequacy
cholesterol, elevated hypochlorhydria spaciness
cancer hypoglycemia strokes
cystic fibrosis infections tooth decay
depression, mental inflammation urinary tract infections
diabetes insomnia vitamin deficiencies
estrogen (imbalance)

Synergetic Nutrients

Absorption – proteins

Antagonistic Nutrients

Absorption – zinc, manganese, iron, calcium, molybdenum, sulfur, mercury, cadmium, vitamin C
Utilization – zinc, vitamin C, vitamin B6, sulfur, molybdenum, manganese, iron

Hair Analysis Notes

  • Bio-unavailable copper: Often copper status can be tricky to assess. Copper may be present, but unavailable for use in the body. This occurs any time adrenal gland activity is low.
  • Copper and Oxidation Type: Fast oxidizers generally are deficient in copper, while slow oxidizers usually have either high copper or bio-unavailable copper.
  • Hidden Copper Toxicity: Copper is often normal on hair tests, but may actually be locked in body tissues. Test indicators of a hidden copper imbalance are:
  • Calcium level greater than 75 mg%
  • Potassium level less than 3 mg%
  • Sodium/potassium ratio less than 2.2:1
  • Mercury toxicity often indicates a hidden copper toxicity
  • Copper level less than 1.0 mg%
  • Zinc/copper ratio less than 6:1

Reasons For Supplementation With Copper

  • to raise a low sodium/potassium ratio
  • to enhance retention of calcium in tissues